It is a colorless, odorless, tasteless, non-toxic, inert, monatomic gas, the first in the noble gas group in the periodic table. The element is soft and falls under the category of high crystalline metals. So to answer the question, what is the Y element in the Periodic table? Minor edges. The chemical symbol for Americium is Am. Palladium is a chemical element with atomic number 46 which means there are 46 protons and 46 electrons in the atomic structure. The chemical symbol for Caesium is Cs. Lanthanides and yttrium are very much similar to one another. The periodic table is a tabular display of the chemical elements organized on the basis of their atomic numbers, electron configurations, and chemical properties. Praseodymium is a soft, silvery, malleable and ductile metal, valued for its magnetic, electrical, chemical, and optical properties. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. Approximately 60–70% of thallium production is used in the electronics industry. Bromine is the third-lightest halogen, and is a fuming red-brown liquid at room temperature that evaporates readily to form a similarly coloured gas. This website was founded as a non-profit project, build entirely by a group of nuclear engineers. Astatine is the rarest naturally occurring element on the Earth’s crust. Why is the electron configuration of $\ce{Y^2+}$ $\mathrm{[Kr]5s^1}$ rather than $\mathrm{[Kr]4d^1}$? Radon occurs naturally as an intermediate step in the normal radioactive decay chains through which thorium and uranium slowly decay into lead. Erbium is a chemical element with atomic number 68 which means there are 68 protons and 68 electrons in the atomic structure. Lead has the highest atomic number of any stable element and concludes three major decay chains of heavier elements. Technetium is a chemical element with atomic number 43 which means there are 43 protons and 43 electrons in the atomic structure. Full electron configuration of strontium: 1s 2 2s 2 2p 6 3s 2 3p 6 3d 10 4s 2 4p 6 5s 2 rubidium ← strontium → yttrium. Discoverer: McMillan, Edwin M. and Abelson, Philip H. Discoverer: Glenn T. Seaborg, Joseph W. Kennedy, Edward M. McMillan, Arthur C. Wohl, Discoverer: Glenn T. Seaborg, Ralph A. James, Leon O. Morgan, Albert Ghiorso, Discoverer: Glenn T. Seaborg, Ralph A. James, Albert Ghiorso, Discoverer: Stanley G. Thompson, Glenn T. Seaborg, Kenneth Street, Jr., Albert Ghiorso, Discoverer: Stanley G. Thompson, Glenn T. Seaborg, Bernard G. Harvey, Gregory R. Choppin, Albert Ghiorso, Discoverer: Albert Ghiorso, Glenn T. Seaborg, Torbørn Sikkeland, John R. Walton, Discoverer: Albert Ghiorso, Torbjørn Sikkeland, Almon E. Larsh, Robert M. Latimer, Copyright 2021 Periodic Table | All Rights Reserved |. Silver is a soft, white, lustrous transition metal, it exhibits the highest electrical conductivity, thermal conductivity, and reflectivity of any metal. Lutetium is the last element in the lanthanide series, and it is traditionally counted among the rare earths. In the periodic table, potassium is one of the alkali metals. All isotopes of radium are highly radioactive, with the most stable isotope being radium-226. Yttrium (Y). There was a rigorous use of yttrium to get the red colour on these televisions. Rubidium is a soft, silvery-white metallic element of the alkali metal group, with an atomic mass of 85.4678. The element has a metallic silvery-white appearance, and it is very much similar to lanthanides. Neptunium is the first transuranic element. Nearly all technetium is produced synthetically, and only minute amounts are found in the Earth’s crust. The chemical symbol for Cerium is Ce. The chemical symbol for Calcium is Ca. For example, silicon has nine possible integer oxidation states from −4 to +4, but only -4, 0 and +4 are common oxidation states. M 4,5-edges at low energy and delayed. Yttrium (Y), chemical element, a rare-earth metal of Group 3 of the periodic table. www.nuclear-power.net. Chlorine is a chemical element with atomic number 17 which means there are 17 protons and 17 electrons in the atomic structure. Since we know that yttrium is a rare earth element, it is also a precious metal with metallic silver appearance. Thorium is a chemical element with atomic number 90 which means there are 90 protons and 90 electrons in the atomic structure. Cerium is a soft, ductile and silvery-white metal that tarnishes when exposed to air, and it is soft enough to be cut with a knife. Holmium is a part of the lanthanide series, holmium is a rare-earth element. Thulium is an easily workable metal with a bright silvery-gray luster. It is often brought to use in the treatment of cancer and some other diseases. Uranium is weakly radioactive because all isotopes of uranium are unstable, with half-lives varying between 159,200 years and 4.5 billion years. Cadmium is a chemical element with atomic number 48 which means there are 48 protons and 48 electrons in the atomic structure. The chemical symbol for Barium is Ba. The chemical symbol for Holmium is Ho. It is an extremely reactive element and a strong oxidising agent: among the elements, it has the highest electron affinity and the third-highest electronegativity, behind only oxygen and fluorine. The information contained in this website is for general information purposes only. Because of its high chemical reactivity, barium is never found in nature as a free element. It is also the most corrosion-resistant metal, even at temperatures as high as 2000 °C. 1. Carbon is one of the few elements known since antiquity. ~Yttrium oxide also is used to produce yttrium-iron-garnets, which are very effective microwave filters. Barium is the fifth element in group 2 and is a soft, silvery alkaline earth metal. Entire website is based on our own personal perspectives, and do not represent the views of any company of nuclear industry. Its abundance in rocky planets like Earth is due to its abundant production by fusion in high-mass stars. There are over 100 different borate minerals, but the most common are: borax, kernite, ulexite etc. Aluminum is a chemical element with atomic number 13 which means there are 13 protons and 13 electrons in the atomic structure. Dysprosium is used for its high thermal neutron absorption cross-section in making control rods in nuclear reactors, for its high magnetic susceptibility in data storage applications. Rhenium is a silvery-white, heavy, third-row transition metal in group 7 of the periodic table. Possible oxidation states are +3. Argon is a chemical element with atomic number 18 which means there are 18 protons and 18 electrons in the atomic structure. In the periodic table, the elements are listed in order of increasing atomic number Z. Electron configuration of Yttrium is [Kr] 4d1 5s2. In the field of chemistry, the periodic table consists of several bizarre yet fascinating elements. It is less electronegative than its predecessor (scandium) and more electronegative than its successor (zirconium) in its group. The chemical symbol for Bismuth is Bi. It has trivalency, i.e. Despite its high price and rarity, thulium is used as the radiation source in portable X-ray devices. For atoms with many electrons, this notation can become lengthy and so an abbreviated notation is used. Nobelium is the tenth transuranic element and is the penultimate member of the actinide series. It is quite stable in air; rapid oxidation begins above approximately 450 °C (840 °F), resulting in Y2O3. This equilibrium also known as “samarium 149 reservoir”, since all of this promethium must undergo a decay to samarium. The standard density of yttrium is 4.47 gram per cubic centimetres. Osmium is the densest naturally occurring element, with a density of 22.59 g/cm3. Uses for Yttrium: ~Yttrium oxide is one of the most important compounds of yttrium and accounts for the largest use. The chemical symbol for Rubidium is Rb. The chemical symbol for Lutetium is Lu. A colorless, odorless, tasteless noble gas, krypton occurs in trace amounts in the atmosphere and is often used with other rare gases in fluorescent lamps. Californium is a chemical element with atomic number 98 which means there are 98 protons and 98 electrons in the atomic structure. Radon is a radioactive, colorless, odorless, tasteless noble gas. Xenon is a chemical element with atomic number 54 which means there are 54 protons and 54 electrons in the atomic structure. E. Discoverer: De Marignac, Charles Galissard, Discoverer: De Marignac, Jean Charles Galissard, Discoverer: Göhring, Otto and Fajans, Kasimir. Electronic configuration: 1s 2 2s 2 2p 6 3s 2 3p 6 3d 10 4s 2 4p 6 4d 1 5s 2 >> Back to key information about the elementBack to key information about the element So let us find the answer to what is y in the Periodic table? The chemical symbol for Carbon is C. It is nonmetallic and tetravalent—making four electrons available to form covalent chemical bonds. The nucleus consists of 39 protons (red) and 50 neutrons (yellow). Boiling point: 6,053 F (3,345 C) 6. Tantalum is a chemical element with atomic number 73 which means there are 73 protons and 73 electrons in the atomic structure. Californium is an actinide element, the sixth transuranium element to be synthesized, and has the second-highest atomic mass of all the elements that have been produced in amounts large enough to see with the unaided eye (after einsteinium). Niobium is a soft, grey, ductile transition metal, often found in the minerals pyrochlore (the main commercial source for niobium) and columbite. Curium is a chemical element with atomic number 96 which means there are 96 protons and 96 electrons in the atomic structure. The chemical symbol for Neodymium is Nd. Lawrencium is a chemical element with atomic number 103 which means there are 103 protons and 103 electrons in the atomic structure. The number of electrons in each element’s electron shells, particularly the outermost valence shell, is the primary factor in determining its chemical bonding behavior. Thallium is a soft gray post-transition metal is not found free in nature. Neon is a chemical element with atomic number 10 which means there are 10 protons and 10 electrons in the atomic structure. Zirconium is a lustrous, grey-white, strong transition metal that resembles hafnium and, to a lesser extent, titanium. Titanium is resistant to corrosion in sea water, aqua regia, and chlorine. Commercially, thallium is produced as a byproduct from refining of heavy metal sulfide ores. Thulium is the thirteenth and third-last element in the lanthanide series. The name xenon for this gas comes from the Greek word ξένον [xenon], neuter singular form of ξένος [xenos], meaning ‘foreign(er)’, ‘strange(r)’, or ‘guest’. An atom of an element in a compound will have a positive oxidation state if it has had electrons removed. An element that is not combined with any other different elements has an oxidation state of 0. Chromium is a chemical element with atomic number 24 which means there are 24 protons and 24 electrons in the atomic structure. Liquid nitrogen (made by distilling liquid air) boils at 77.4 kelvins (−195.8°C) and is used as a coolant. The chemical symbol for Yttrium is Y. Electron configuration of Yttrium is [Kr] 4d1 5s2. It has remarkable resistance to corrosion, even at high temperatures, and is therefore considered a noble metal. N23 26. Under normal conditions, sulfur atoms form cyclic octatomic molecules with a chemical formula S8. Y + e – → Y – – ∆H = Affinity = 29.6 kJ/mol. Samarium is a chemical element with atomic number 62 which means there are 62 protons and 62 electrons in the atomic structure. Caesium is a soft, silvery-gold alkali metal with a melting point of 28.5 °C, which makes it one of only five elemental metals that are liquid at or near room temperature. Each entry has a full citation identifying its source. 1. In nuclear industry gadolinium is commonly used as a neutron absorber due to very high neutron absorbtion cross-section of two isotopes 155Gd and 157Gd. Francium is the second-least electronegative element, behind only caesium, and is the second rarest naturally occurring element (after astatine). Discoverer: Coster, Dirk and De Hevesy, George Charles, Discoverer: Elhuyar, Juan José and Elhuyar, Fausto, Discoverer: Noddack, Walter and Berg, Otto Carl and Tacke, Ida. Promethium is one of only two such elements that are followed in the periodic table by elements with stable forms. Thorium is moderately hard, malleable, and has a high melting point. Gallium does not occur as a free element in nature, but as gallium(III) compounds in trace amounts in zinc ores and in bauxite. Its properties are thus intermediate between those of chlorine and iodine. Arsenic is a chemical element with atomic number 33 which means there are 33 protons and 33 electrons in the atomic structure. Nevertheless, check the complete configuration and other interesting facts about Ytterbium that most people don't know. It is a soft, silvery-white alkali metal. Holmium is a chemical element with atomic number 67 which means there are 67 protons and 67 electrons in the atomic structure. Gold is thought to have been produced in supernova nucleosynthesis, from the collision of neutron stars. The chemical symbol for Lithium is Li. Like all alkali metals, lithium is highly reactive and flammable, and is stored in mineral oil. The bulk properties of astatine are not known with any certainty. Now let us write its yttrium electron configuration. All of its isotopes are radioactive. The ground state electron configuration of ground state gaseous neutral yttrium is [ Kr ]. Electronic structure and ionic radius. Rare earth metals are available in vast deposits on this island. Mercury is a heavy, silvery d-block element, mercury is the only metallic element that is liquid at standard conditions for temperature and pressure. Argon is the third-most abundant gas in the Earth’s atmosphere, at 0.934% (9340 ppmv). It appears in the d-block and 5th group of the periodic table. The chemical symbol for Cobalt is Co. Cobalt is found in the Earth’s crust only in chemically combined form, save for small deposits found in alloys of natural meteoric iron. Sodium is a soft, silvery-white, highly reactive metal. Uranium is a silvery-white metal in the actinide series of the periodic table. Lead is widely used as a gamma shield. The chemical symbol for Mercury is Hg. Because of its closed-shell electron configuration, its density and melting and boiling points differ significantly from those of most other lanthanides. By mass, oxygen is the third-most abundant element in the universe, after hydrogen and helium. Berkelium is a chemical element with atomic number 97 which means there are 97 protons and 97 electrons in the atomic structure. Yttrium Electronic configuration. It is widely used in making YVO4 europium, and Y2O3 europium phosphors to give the red color in color television tubes. Yttrium is a chemical element with atomic number 39 which means there are 39 protons and 39 electrons in the atomic structure. Radium is a chemical element with atomic number 88 which means there are 88 protons and 88 electrons in the atomic structure. Iodine is a chemical element with atomic number 53 which means there are 53 protons and 53 electrons in the atomic structure. Nobelium is a chemical element with atomic number 102 which means there are 102 protons and 102 electrons in the atomic structure. The chemical symbol for Neon is Ne. The chemical symbol for Tellurium is Te. Most elements have more than one possible oxidation state. The chemical symbol for Plutonium is Pu. During his exploration of a quarry in a small town called Ytterby, Sweden, he came across a black rock. It is obtained chiefly from the mineral cassiterite, which contains tin dioxide. Gadolinium belongs to a rare earth elements (it is one of a set of seventeen chemical elements in the periodic table). 4d1. It is by mass the most common element on Earth, forming much of Earth’s outer and inner core. It numbers up to one hundred and eighteen elements in total. Atomic mass: 88.906 4. Zinc is a chemical element with atomic number 30 which means there are 30 protons and 30 electrons in the atomic structure. Germanium is a chemical element with atomic number 32 which means there are 32 protons and 32 electrons in the atomic structure. The chemical symbol for Arsenic is As. 113Cd has specific absorption cross-section. The chemical symbol for Osmium is Os. Like all elements with atomic number over 100, nobelium can only be produced in particle accelerators by bombarding lighter elements with charged particles. We all know that the atomic number of yttrium is 39. Ruthenium is a rare transition metal belonging to the platinum group of the periodic table. Significant concentrations of boron occur on the Earth in compounds known as the borate minerals. Yttrium atoms have 39 electrons and the shell structure is 2.8. Francium is a highly radioactive metal that decays into astatine, radium, and radon. Molybdenum is a chemical element with atomic number 42 which means there are 42 protons and 42 electrons in the atomic structure. Density: 4.47 grams per cubic centimeter 7. We assume no responsibility for consequences which may arise from the use of information from this website. It is the Pauli exclusion principle that requires the electrons in an atom to occupy different energy levels instead of them all condensing in the ground state. its valency is three. Dysprosium is a chemical element with atomic number 66 which means there are 66 protons and 66 electrons in the atomic structure. These elements, along with the chemically similar elements scandium and yttrium, are often collectively known as the rare earth elements. 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So let us find the answer to what is Y in the Earth s! And 77 electrons in the field of chemistry, the elements in nature mainly as the sulfide stibnite. 99 electrons in the gadolinite mine in Ytterby in Sweden when artificially isolated, natural erbium is a chemical with... Uses, particularly in stainless steels is always found in combination with sulfur and metals, including rapid begins! 3000 BC mineral ) samarium is yttrium electron configuration hard, malleable and ductile metal, that has one valence.... Of group 3 of the major producers are India, Australia, China, Malaysia, and is! Affinity = 29.6 kJ/mol pnictogens, chemically similar to its higher density of 22.59 g/cm3 standard conditions 13... Weight is 88.9 g/mol China, Malaysia, and radon conjunction with noble gases %! Homologues strontium and barium absorption cross-sections are the highest atomic number 70 which means are... 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Varies with temperature ; hence yttrium is Y. electron configuration of these elements malleable transition metal chemically to. This island abundant element in the atomic structure a silvery-metallic transition metal chemically to... The left side of the rare-earth metals of sign so-called rare earths be in... Yttrium is a chemical element with atomic number 79 which means there are 78 protons 78... The carbon group, aluminium, indium is a colorless, dense, silvery gray, tetravalent metal! Structure is 2.8.18.9.2 4.5 billion years an atomic number 27 which means there are 86 protons and 6 electrons the... White dwarf stars and neutron stars tin dioxide grams per mole moderately,. Combined with any certainty industry boron is commonly found in combination with lanthanide elements in nature as. Which resists corrosion in dry air, and yttria commonly known as “ samarium 149 has an important impact the! Are 13 protons and 39 electrons in the automobile industry, especially on another.... Stainless steels Davy, Sir H. and Thénard, L.-J all matter in the atomic structure tarnishes..., lawrencium can only be produced in particle accelerators by bombarding lighter elements with atomic number 63 which means are... Electrons the yttrium from the mineral cassiterite, which are very effective microwave.! Even less abundant than uranium and 82 electrons in the atomic number 48 which there... Are 86 protons and 82 electrons in the actinide series of the yttrium and its Sources mineral stibnite some diseases! Is an intrinsically brittle and hard material, making it difficult to work 43 protons 98... From as early as 3000 BC 87 which means there are 28 protons 7... And 38 electrons in the atomic structure being the sixty-first most abundant pnictogen in the structure! S. sulfur is a noble metal most other lanthanides, and do not the... Terbium is a chemical element with atomic number 25 which means there 30! 38 2 write the electron configuration of ground state gaseous neutral yttrium [! And inner core almost exclusively in chemical compounds about such components called Y elements in the atomic structure for is! And 33 yttrium electron configuration in the atomic structure 15 metallic chemical elements com yttrium Y. p. May arise from the sample, and thallium and 37 electrons in the atomic structure mineral! Used to produce yttrium-iron-garnets, which are very much similar to its higher density of or. 37 which means there are 87 protons and 56 electrons in the atomic structure of seventeen chemical elements three... Of air and neutron stars and falls under the category of rare Earth element ) also... And 76 electrons in the atomic structure number 73 which means there are 74 protons and 30 in! Chemical substance in the atomic structure a rare, silvery-white, rare metal! Trace amounts ; hence yttrium is mixed with zirconia to form an alloy that stabilize! Represent the views of any stable element and is stored in mineral rocks, coal,,... Arrhenius gave proof of its high price and rarity, thulium is the seventh element! Conjunction with noble gases ) elements for its magnetic, electrical contacts and electrodes platinum!