To water your dieffenbachia, give it a good soaking until the water starts to run out of the drainage holes. Ingesting the plant can cause swelling, burning, and ulcers in the mouth and esophagus. Grows to 22 inches tall. If the white spots on Dieffenbachia are fluffy or furry, chances are they are mealybugs. Check it every few weeks by sticking your finger about 1″ into the soil. See my “Dieffenbachia Pruning Tips” above to learn how to cut back a dieffenbachia. Even though Dieffenbachia can grow in low-light conditions, bright light keeps the variegated leaves vibrant. It recently shed nearly all its old leaves (as of 3 months ago) and has new leaves as of 2 months ago. The best kind of potting mix for dumb canes is a mixture of regular potting soil and perlite. Leaves have brown tips — Brown tips on your dieffenbachia's leaves could be caused by uneven watering. Dieffenbachia Hilo - Hilo plants have large, pointed, coarse, dark green leaves that have a light green variegation and prominent white veins. Rooting dieffenbachia cuttings can be a bit tricky. In this post, I’ll give you lots of information about the plant – including the name, different dieffenbachia types, toxicity, common problems, and FAQs. Just make sure you check the soil before watering by sticking your finger about an inch into the dirt. Some continue to grow in size without every opening. However, the tell-tale sign of these houseplant pests is webbing under the leaves and on the stems. You should also cut off any leaves or stems that are brown or dead. Mealybugs look like white cotton on the plant, and thrips are tiny bugs with arrow shaped black bodies. The golden rule when watering dumb cane plants is to only water when the soil partly dries. So if you choose to grow this plant, then be sure to keep it out of reach of children and pets. Direct sun will cause their leaves to fade or burn. Feeding also encourages flowers. These indoor plants tolerate low light, but they love warm temperatures and humidity. The new leaves never open or mature. These plants in the Dieffenbachia family are natives of Central and South American jungles. If you don’t have a bright room to grow your dumb cane, then you could add a small grow light to help keep the plant from growing too leggy. Only feed your plant in the spring or summer (during their active growing season). The number one cause of dieffenbachia houseplant death is overwatering!! Dumb cane plants contain poisonous substances—calcium oxalates—than can cause irritation and swelling. Dieffenbachia ‘Triumph’ – creamy white leaves with green border and a pink cast at the petiole base. However, they will not tolerate direct sunlight. Dumb Cane adds fun color and texture without flowers. Aphids are soft bodied insects that are normally found on the undersides of leaves and at the growing tips of the plant. I like using compost fertilizer, which you can get in liquid form or buy compost tea bags and brew your own. It will allow you monitor the moisture level, and help ensure you’re watering your plant at the right time. Dieffenbachia (Dieffenbachia spp.) Dumb canes can live for many years, and some varieties can grow to be several feet tall, creating a very large floor plants. Look for brown, mushy roots and trim as necessary with clean, sterile equipment. You can also give your plant a foliar spray using compost tea. Shriveled leaves caused by underwatering. Allowing the top 1” to 2” (2.5 – 5 cm) of soil to dry prevents overwatering the plant. My favorite product to use is organic neem oil. On the other hand, if the room is too dark, they’ll quickly grow tall and leggy. Is the dieffenbachia dumb cane plant poisonous? Variegated dieffenbachia are even more stunning, and some have bright green or almost white leaves with dark edges. Ensure that the stems you use for propagation have a node at the end. It happens that the leaves of a flower develop disproportionately to the trunk, in a word - they are very small or can curl around the edges. The list under “Troubleshooting Common Dieffenbachia Problems” will give you more ideas and details about fixing common dieffenbachia plant care problems. Drooping and wrinkled snake plant leaves are also symptoms of an underlying issue, often the same ones that cause curling leaves. New leaves will grow just below the place you made the cut. Cutting the stems helps concentrate energy into vigorous plant growth to ensure healthy, vibrant foliage. Yearly pruning prevents leggy stems from growing and rejuvenates growth. Dieffenbachia is one of the most popular houseplants because it lives for a long time. Download your copy today! Here are my tips for how to prune dieffenbachia…. Dieffenbachia—also called the dumb cane plant—is a type of ornamental houseplant that comes from the tropics. Medical reports say that you should never ingest any part of Dieffenbachia plants. Simply cut them back all the way down to the main stem. So, if you have pets or small children around, then it’s best to treat dumb cane as you would any of your other poisonous houseplants, and keep it out of reach. Since they are very common indoor plants, you should be able to find dieffenbachia plants for sale at your local garden center any time of the year. (1, 2), Dieffenbachia plants are also toxic to cats, dogs, and other household pets. If you’re tired of watching your houseplant suffer to stay alive through the long, dark winter months, then my Winter Houseplant Care eBook is for you! I love being surrounded by plants all year round, and that’s one reason why I have a large collection of houseplants. A soapy water spray is also very good for controlling most types of bugs. I’ll also show you exactly how to care for a dumb cane plant. SYMPTOMS: Edges of leaves curl inward and form a cup, even when the lights are off. Other organic fertilizers that I like using are this houseplant fertilizer or a general purpose plant food. Rather than watering your plant on a set schedule, you should always check the soil to figure out when it needs water. Some dieffenbachia varieties have dark green leaves, many with white spotting. They could even be grown in your shade garden if you live in a warm climate. As you’ll see below, almost all problems you’ll have with growing dieffenbachia are caused by either incorrect watering (usually overwatering) or over-fertilizing. Just put it in a spray bottle and mist the leaves of the plant – they will love the added humidity too! So, they will grow well in bathrooms, kitchens, and other warm rooms where there is little natural light. In this picture the creamy-white spike (called spadix) is the flower, and the pale green modified leaf is called bract or spathe. And now that you know how to take care of dieffenbachia, you’ll be able to grow these gorgeous houseplants for years to come! For example, Dieffenbachia ‘Camille’ features even yellow to cream variegation in the leaf centers, while Dieffenbachia seguine has a more splotchy leaf pattern. DIEFFENBACHIA. The dumb cane got the name because there is a chemical in the sap that can cause temporary loss of speech if any part of the plant is chewed or eaten. Likewise, what's wrong with my dumb cane plant? To remove straggly stems or unsightly foliage, cut the leaf stem just above the node. Allow the soil to dry out a bit between watering, but never let it get completely bone dry. how to get rid of houseplant bugs naturally here, How To Grow Spider Plants: The Ultimate Care Guide, How To Take Care Of A Money Tree Plant (Pachira aquatica), How To Care For A Pothos Plant (Devil’s Ivy), 17 Of The Best Office Plants For Your Workspace, 15 Easy Indoor Plants That Anyone Can Grow, How To Fertilize Houseplants: The Ultimate Guide, Terms Of Use, Disclaimer & Privacy Policy. Deep, thorough watering allows enough moisture to keep the roots hydrated. Other cultivars can grow to be quite large, reaching 6 to 8 feet or more in height. If you want to learn how to root a dieffenbachia plant, see the details in the section called “Dieffenbachia Propagation Methods”. If the stem or leaves are chewed, they will cause swelling and pain in the mouth—and, therefore, temporary speechlessness. The Dieffenbachia's broad, patterned leaves … Read More... 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